Frequently Asked Questions
When is a permit required?
A permit is required before beginning any of the following work:
- Constructing, enlarging, altering, repairing, or demolishing a building or structure including decks, porches, lean-tos, etc.
- Changing the use of a building when the new use requires a greater degree of structural strength, fire protection, exit facilities, ventilation or sanitary provisions
- Installing or altering any equipment which is regulated by the building code
- Removing or disturbing any asbestos containing materials during demolition, alteration, renovation of or additions to buildings or structures
- Having a pre-manufactured shed or garage, over 256 square feet, delivered or constructed on site.
- Adding or replacement of a deck
- Finishing an unfinished attic, basement or a room over garage
- Installation of any swimming pool that is either in-ground or above (when more than 24 inches deep)
- Replacement or installation of water and/or sewer lines
- Installation of new electrical equipment or wiring
- Installation of gas fired appliances such as water heaters, stoves or fireplace log sets
When is a permit not required?
Generally, a permit is not required when the work is of a minor nature or constitutes general repairs such as:
- Replacing plumbing fixtures when alterations are not necessary to the supply or drainage piping
- Replacement of electrical fixtures when no new wiring or circuits are necessary
- Replacement of cabinets and counter tops
- Pouring concrete patios or driveways at grade level (This requires a zoning permit however)
- Replacement of roofing materials on a single family dwelling
What are the permit fees?
- Permit fees are based on the square footage of the building or structure for new construction.
- Electrical permit fees are determined by the service size in amperage.
- Mechanical permit fees are determined by valuation.
- Plumbing permits are determined by the number of fixtures to be installed.
Who may apply for a permit?
The building or property owner, lessee or agent of either of these may apply for the permit. Additionally, a Virginia registered architect or engineer, a licensed contractor or subcontractor or their designated employee or agent employed in connection with the project may obtain the permits. Engineers, architects, contractor, or subcontractors are required to provide evidence they are properly licensed or registered by the Commonwealth prior to obtaining permits.
May I obtain permits over the phone or by mail?
Permits can be issued by mail, in person or via email at email@example.com.
May someone else obtain a permit for me?
Yes, as stated above, certain professionals employed in connection with the project may obtain permits. Additionally, the owner may have a designated agent obtain permits for them. An agent is anyone the owner has given authority to act on his or her behalf. An agent must submit a written document from the owner designating them as agent prior to obtaining permits. This form can be found here.
Should I purchase the permit or require the contractor purchase it?
In all instances the contractor should be required to obtain the permit as part of the contract. The permit holder is responsible for ensuring the work meets the requirements of the building code. If the owner obtains the permit for the contractor the contractor cannot be held responsible for complying with the code. If you are dealing with a reputable contractor they should not have a problem obtaining the permit. It is usually the unlicensed contractor who requests the owner obtain the permit. This is a sure sign for you to consider another contractor.
How would I know if a contractor is licensed?
Virginia law requires all contractors to include their license number on all documents to include contracts, proposals, bid forms and advertising. It would always be prudent to ask to see a copy of the license before signing any contract. Once you have the number you can confirm the license by calling the State Board for Contractors in Richmond at (804) 367-8511. Additionally, you can check their information at the Department of Professional and Occupational Regulation website at http://www.dpor.virginia.gov/LicenseLookup/
How long is the permit valid?
Every permit issued shall become invalid unless the work authorized by such permit is commenced within 6 months after its issuance. It will remain valid as long as regularly scheduled inspections continue to happen. The Director of Inspections is authorized to grant, in writing, one or more extensions of time, for periods not more then 6 months each. The extension shall be requested in writing and justifiable cause demonstrated.
May a permit be voided?
The Director of Inspection may void permits when false or fraudulent information has been provided to obtain the permit. Otherwise, the permit may be cancelled by the permit holder.
Can I get a refund on the permit if I decide not to do the project?
The permit holder can cancel a permit anytime prior to completion of the project. Upon cancellation, a refund for the portion of the work not completed can be requested. Generally, refunds will be issued minus the amount of work completed, the state surcharge, tech fee and an administrative fee to cover the cost of processing the refund.